Czechia

Czechia

Czechia is the country located in the heart of Europe. Since 2004 it is an active member of European Union. Among the neighbors are Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria. Since 2010 it has become a very attractive for tourists and travelers. According to various statistics, Czechia and its capital Prague is one of the most popular destinations for New Year and Christmas holidays, summer vacations and short weekend trips.

  • Capital: Prague;
  • Geographical size: 78 868 km²;
  • Population: 10 538 275 (2015);
  • Official EU language: Czech;
  • Political system: parliamentary republic;
  • Currency: Czech koruna (CZK);
  • Schengen area member: since 21 December 2007.

History

The whole history of the Czech Republic can be split into the following period:

  1. 500 – 1306: The Great Moravian Empire and the Přemyslid Dynasty;
  2. 1310 – 1378: John of Luxembourg and Charles IV;
  3. 1415 – 1526: The Hussite Era and George of Poděbrady;
  4. 1526 – 1790: The Habsburg Dynasty to Joseph II;
  5. 1790 – 1914: National Revival to World War I;
  6. 1918 – 1945: The First Republic and World War II;
  7. 1945 – 1989: The Communist Era;
  8. 1989 – present: Velvet Revolution and Beyond.

During the whole its history Czechia as a country changed the name, territory, languages, rulers, dynasties, accumulating for future generations a lot of interesting information, unbelievable legends, fantastic architecture and inspiring examples of manpower.

Cities

There are 20 cities in the Czech Republic with population over 50 000 people and 6 with over 100 000 people. These are: Prague (the capital), Brno, Ostrava, Plzen, Liberec and Olomouc. All of them are very interesting destinations for a day trip.

Prague

The Capital of the Czech Republic, the city of hundred spires, the place with the biggest and oldest city centre in central Europe. These are all nicknames of Prague. Being the cultural, educational, political and economical centre of the country for many years, it has become also a popular touristic hub.


Brno

Brno is the southern capital of Czechia. Located on the boarder with Slovakia, it has its own charm, dialect, culture and attitude towards the rest of the country. Brno is well-know worldwide for its universities, vineries and amazing recreation facilities. It is also a good destination for a short 2-day trip from Prague.


Ostrava

Ostrava has always been an important industrial centre of the Czech Republic, but due to the fact, that coal, which was the main resource of the area, was limited, the city had to change itself. Today more and more people come to in Ostrava the remnants of the industrial past. It’s also popular for an amazing annual music festival “Colours of Ostrava”, held in July.


Castles

Czechia is extremely reach on castles. According to different estimations, there are about 2000 places which are castles, chateaus or just remnants and ruins of former impressive constructions. Traveling to the places like Czech Krumlov, Karlstejn, Hluboka nad Vltavou, Konopiste should be an indispensable for any tourist visiting Prague. These are the must see attractions among top 10 things to do and to see in the Czech Republic.

Mountain

Mountains are play an important role in the life of the country. They make the natural boarder around Czechia, thus giving amazing opportunities for active life style. There are more than 200 places for sky and snowboard lovers, with over 500 kilometres of hills. Each year they are properly checked and prepared for new season. Most popular destinations for both winter and summer mountain activities are Krkonoše with the highest peak Sněžka 1602 m.

Spa

Czech Spa resorts are the following attractive feature of the country. People come to Karlovy Vary or Marianske Lazne to recover after certain troubles, to support and heal the body. All the medical destinations today have a perfect choice of hotels to stay, multi-language support and perfect service for very reasonable price. That is why more and more people from all over the world choose Czechia as the best variant for travelling abroad for treatment.

Cultural life of the Czech capital is very rich, especially on galleries in Prague. There you can get acquainted with the best artists of previous centuries, see unique things and meet modern spirit of Czechia as well. Galleries in Prague We...
One of the places you absolutely have to visit when in Czechia is Prague Zoo. It is a huge, comfortable and very animal friendly park open throughout the whole year and attractive both for kids and grownups. Let’s look...
No Charles Bridge tour in Prague is the best chance to experience the local life. Meeting at the very heart of the city we will make our way on e-bikes or e-scooters (you choose the transport) along the river...
Golden Lane (Zlatá ulička in Czech) is among top attractions in Prague. Every day hundreds of tourists walk around the street with tiny old houses. Some of them search for local shops with unique souvenirs. Others want to see...
Today I will tell you about Prague street lights system. Traveling around the globe is huge fun. Even bigger fun is to have positive experiences. But tings happen and as my friend Jiacomo says "This is our life, Vladi. This is...
Visiting national parks in the Czech Republic is another great idea of what to do on vacation. Besides, both tourists and local residents like it a lot and today we will speak about the smallest National Park in the...
Botanicus in Ostra is a craft village where you can use your hands to create real things. This is the best places for a day trip from Prague with kids in summer. It will take you about an hour...
In social media I receive a lot of questions about the way schedule of Christmas in Prague is usually organized. That's is why I compiled all the essential information about the issue. So please find all the details about...
Nostalgic Tram 91 in Prague (since March 2017 it is tram 41) is a unique chance to travel in time. Surprised? Always wanted to come back in time when women were wearing long dresses, men greeted each other with the...
There are 5 big hills in Prague which open amazing views on the city. These are: Letna, Prague Castle, Petrin hill, Vesehrad and Vitkov. All of them are among top 10 must see places of the Czech capital, therefore...